Aipan art of uttarakhand easy

09.03.2021 By Mikajinn

Aipan is a traditional folk art specifically made by women of Uttarakhand. This art is done on floor over brick red background with white paste made out of rice flour. The typical art is done on all special occasions and household ceremonies and rituals. It is believed that these motifs evoke divine power which brings good fortune and wards off evil.

Kumauni dehleez aepan. The project aimed at encouraging indigenous artists and craftsmen of Uttarakhand, generate employment and empower rural women by coming up with various applications of the art.

Aipan is one of the traditional arts of Kumaon. Aipan inspiration. Aipan is a traditional art painting form of Kumaon,Uttrakhand, India. The traditional aipan of Kumaon are drawn in linear art, geometrical design mostly drawn for religious and decorative purpose. Made with geru ochre and biswar rice paste Aipan is an integral part of kumaoni culture and its designs carried on from generation to generation I grew up watching Aipan everywhere in my grandparents house.

It was there at the main doors of the house and in the front courtyard ,mandir ,even theā€¦.

aipan art of uttarakhand easy

This choki can be framed in a beautiful wall hanging. A site dedicated to the education of orphan and poor kids in himalayan region. To support the main projects the website has free matrimonial and web friends and other information for the people.Walls, papers and pieces of cloth are decorated by the drawing of various geometric and other figures belonging to gods, goddesses and objects of nature. Pichhauras or dupattas are also decorated in this manner. At the time of Harela there is a tradition of making clay idols Dikaras.

The word "Aepan' is a derivative of 'Arpan'. Aepan are used as ritual designs for Pujas, festivals and ceremonies connected with birth, janeu the sacred thread ceremonymarriage and death.

The raw material used is simple ochre Geru colour and rice paste. It is mostly women who paint the designs on the floors and walls of their homes using the last three fingers of the right hand. Once the ochre base is ready the artist draws the pattern free hand.

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Chowkies are made with mango wood and painted with special designs for each occasion. Earlier the paint used was made from natural 'dyes. Today, poster and oil paints both are used. We are using the traditional "patterns for cards, wall hangings, cushion covers, table cloths, even T-Shirts.

The decorative patterns used to adorn doorways have been adapted for gift tags, bookmarks, clay items, wooden boxes, trays and coasters. The Shaukas use their own and Tibetan knitting art form to decorate mattresses known as Dans. In these woollen goods we find the mixed influence of the Kumaoni and Tibetan styles. Kumaon also has a distinctive style of making different baskets Doka, Dala, Tokri ; wooden casks Theki, Harpia, Naliya for keeping curd, butter and ghee; mattresses mosta and ropes etc.

The art of Hilljatra mukhotas masks is also worth mentioning. During the last two decades many rock paintings belonging to the proto-historic period have been discovered in Kumaon region of the state.

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Among them Lakhu Udiyar and Lwethaap are well known. The Pahari Kalam style of painting probably also developed in Kumaon, when it was being practiced in some of the Himalayan regions. Unfortunately very few examples of this style are available today. Aipan has been trending among youth these days. Artists are trying new experiments with Aipan to make it popular among youth.

Popular Aipan Art Products Chowkies are made with mango wood and painted with special designs for each occasion. The main feature of this chowki is a five-pointed star with a swastik flower or a diya in the center. The artist then proceeds to decorate the center piece with flowing designs or floral patterns Chamunda Hast Chowki :- This chowki is made for "havans" or "yagyas". Two triangles interspersed with two diagonal lines running across both, with a 5-pointed star in between, enclosed in a circle make the centre piece of this chowki.

The gaps are filled up with floral designs or lakshmi's feet.

aipan art of uttarakhand easy

The circle itself is often decorated with 8 petals of the lotus. Nav Durga Chowki :- Used for ritual Devi pujas. The main points here are nine dots representing the Nav Durgas. Those who are adept in aepan designs make a square enclosing these dots with parallel lines running crisscross and decorate these with lotus petals.

A simpler way is to form swastiks with the 9 dots, it is then called Nav Swastik.Contact Us for discounts on booking Homestays. The peace and serenity of Uttarakhand has led to the development of paintings and other important arts. Stone and wood carvings also emerged as a famous art form in Uttarakhand. You can see evidences lost art of rock painting and rock engravings in Kasardevi and Dunagiri regions of Uttarakhand.

The Pahari Painting is inspired by the battles between good and evil. It has covered vast subjects like Indian life, culture and traditions. The Pahari Kalam style of painting was developed in the Kumaon area and was practiced in some of the Himalayan regions. The paintings of Uttarakhand have a sense of freshness and diversity about them.

Paintings of Uttarakhand range from the folk arts of the women of Kumaon to the most exquisite miniature arts of Garhwal. Uttarakhand is home to school of the Pahari School of painting known as the Garhwal School of Painting.

aipan art of uttarakhand easy

The pioneer of the Garhwal School of painting was Mola Ram, a painter, poet and a historian. The women folk of Kumaon also practice a different kind of painting called Aipan. In this form of painting, geometrical figures of Gods, Goddess and objects are painted on the walls, paper and pieces of clothes.

Another form of wall painting is Peeth, which is one of the oldest of all the form of art practiced in Uttarakhand. Extensive use of geometric shapes are incorporated in these paintings as well. Contact team eoK to know more about Kumaoni Aipan or aipan design for door, aipan design for mandir, aipan design for deli, aipan design for kalash. Aipan is a traditional folk art specifically made by women of Uttarakhand.

Aipan Art Of Uttarakhand

It has great social, cultural and religious significance and are known by different names and is in popular in many parts of India with larger variations. Kumaoni Aipan has its unique identity which is always done on the empty walls and on the ground which is a symbol of fortune and fertility. The art form is used to decorate floors and walls at the Puja room place of worship and entrance of homes.

The typical art is done on all special occasions and household ceremonies and rituals. It is believed that these motifs evoke divine power which brings good fortune and wards off evil. Aipan art has different names in different parts of India. Names of the Art in different states:. But now days all the houses do not apply cow dung solution due to cemented walls and floorings. The rice paste should not be too thin or too thick.

Place of worship, Pooja Vedika, door steps of house, structure made around Tulsi Plant are decorated with vasudhara.Aipan, which is the well known traditional art of Kumaon is gaining its popularity as a beautiful floor art in different regions. The most traditional form of Aipan Designs is made by using red clay as a background color which is regionally known as geru and white paste of rice for making designs. Here, in the above picture a lady belonging to Kumaon region is drawing beautiful Aipan art in the old traditional way.

Previously, Aipan Designs were drawn at the entry of the door and at the worship place as a good omen before starting any religious function and celebrating any festival. At that time these designs were drawn frequently and they were of a temporary nature. Today, with every passing year this art has also got evolved and people are using red and white paints to decorate their floors and temples. These Aipan Designs are now more permanent in nature because of the use of artificial paints so people prefer drawing them yearly mostly during Diwali time.

aipan art of uttarakhand easy

People who find drawing this floor art difficult uses Aipana stickers on their floor. These intricate designs will also leave you spell bound about the creativity of the simple and plain people of this hilly area. As you can see this beautiful Aipan art is inspired by nature. Sun, moon, fish, bells and various other holy symbols are drawn on it.

Beautiful bird sitting on the circular frame and fine leaves are added to make it more lively. These traditional Aipan Designs have always been the part of festivities and rituals. One of the most classic style is to make geometrical pattern and drawing them in iterative way. The holy feet drawn at the center of the Aipan are believed to be of Goddess Lakshmi.

Circular Aipana are drawn at the center of the floor and during Diwali night they are decorated by placing Diya. On the night of Diwali goddess Lakshmi is being worshipped and these Aipana with the drawings of footprints of the goddess are believed to bring luck and wealth in the home.

So, you will mostly find these footprints in the Aipana. Huge round floral motifs become the centre of attraction of each and every house. They look like a beautiful door mattress with impeccable beauty.

Making these Aipana is not so easy task. It requires great patience to make this traditionally rich design. These Aipana are also drawn in wooden surfaces like this one which is drawn on the circular wooden slab. This is a modern take on Aipana and today people are experimenting with different colors with this red and white art.

You can also find these ready-made floor stickers.Aipan is a ritualistic folk art, native to the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. It is drawn to commemorate auspicious occasions, festivals and even rituals performed during death of a person.

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The art form is also known to offer protection against evil. While earlier, the art form was found on the floors and walls of the houses, today it has marked its presence in many daily use objects or clothing pieces.

The practice of Aipan flourished during the rule of Chand dynasty in Kumaon. It originated in Almora, and has slowly found its way in many parts of the state, with the migration of communities practicing the art form. Aipan is drawn on a smooth surface that is prepared using wet ochre mud, known as geruwhich is red in colour.

A white paste is made by grounding cooked rice in water. This paste is known as bisvar and is used to draw patterns on the surface. The art form is made by women, and the knowledge is passed on through the generations from mothers to daughters. The creation of an Aipan begins and ends with a dot. The dot, which is placed in the center, symbolizes the center of the universe. From this center, all other lines and patterns emerge which indicate the shifting form of the world around it.

The motifs and designs are inspired by the religious beliefs of the community and the natural resources around them. They generally include conch shells, creepers, floral patterns, swastika, footsteps of goddess, geometric designs and figures of gods and goddesses.

Namita Tiwari is an award winning Aipan practitioner. She is at the forefront of reviving the art form. Inshe founded Cheli Aipanwhere she teaches young women the art of drawing Aipan. With the encouragement of her mother and her friend, Kiran Shah, Namita has been practicing Aipan since the last 18 years.

About AIPAN Art Kumaon, Uttarakhand

She has helped in devising new ways of showcasing the art, like borders of a sari, traditional woolen caps, to stationary items like pen holders. She wants to carry the legacy of this traditional art forms and encourages her students to see its values and their cultural identity. In this video, Aipan artisan Namita Tiwari talks about the traditional Kumaoni art, what it signifies, and how with her hard work and efforts, she is encouraging the popularity of the art form.

The women use their fore, ring and middle finger to draw the patterns. The linear lines drawn in Aipan are symbolic to the ritual or festival it is drawn for. The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content. Project FUEL. Translate with Google.Aipan art is an established-ritualistic folk art originating from the state of Uttarakhand.

Aipan: Ritualistic Folk Art of Kumaon

The art is done mainly during special occasions, household ceremonies and rituals. Practitioners believe that it invokes a divine power which brings about good fortune and deters evil. The art is frequent to floors and walls of Puja rooms and entrances of homes.

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It is also practiced mostly by women. The art form has great social, cultural and religious importance. The art form is practiced in different parts of India and known by different terms too. The art native to Uttarakhand is always done on a brick-red wall, which is also considered to be a symbol of fortune and fertility.

Diy: coaster designs in Aipan style-- Aipan-- Uttrakhand culture-- folk art

The Aipan art is passed down through multiple generations from mothers to their daughters and daughter-in-laws. Aipan is taken from the word Lepana from Sanskritwhich means plaster. Aipan art is similar in different areas of India, it is also known by separate names. Aipan art originated from Almora in Uttarakhandwhich was founded during the reign of the Chand dynasty. It flourished during the reign of the Chand dynasty in the Kumaon region. The project aims to revive Aipan art. Under the project so far, orders have been placed.

The project earns income for women from rural households in Uttarakhand. The project employs women from such households to who produce Aipans and deliver bulk orders to their clients. Minakshi Khati has started Selfie with Aipan to encourage Aipan art among youth. The strategy was to make the artists stakeholders in the business by imparting them necessary business skills. The Uttarakhand Government, in decided that art depicting Aipan would be acquired for display in government offices and buildings.

The decision was taken by the state tourism department headed by Harish Rawat. Cheli Aipan is a government initiative, to promote the Aipan art form. Some of them are- [11] [12] [13]. The Shaukas have their own art form which is mixed between Tibetan and Kumaoni art forms.It is often, but not always, based upon experience or knowledge.

Stevenson writes that prediction in business ". A prediction of this kind might be informed by a predicting person's Abductive reasoning, Inductive reasoning, Deductive reasoning and experience and may be of useful if the predicting person is a knowledgeable person in the field. This type of prediction might be perceived as consistent with statistical techniques in the sense that, at minimum, the "data" being used is the predicting expert's cognitive experiences forming an intuitive "probability curve.

One particular approach to such inference is known as predictive inference, but the prediction can be undertaken within any of the several approaches to statistical inference.

Indeed, one possible description of statistics is that it provides a means of transferring knowledge about a sample of a population to the whole population, and to other related populations, which is not necessarily the same as prediction over time. When information is transferred across time, often to specific points in time, the process is known as forecasting.

Statistical techniques used for prediction include regression analysis and its various sub-categories such as linear regression, generalized linear models (logistic regression, Poisson regression, Probit regression), etc. In case of forecasting, autoregressive moving average models and vector autoregression models can be utilized.

These techniques rely on one-step-ahead predictors (which minimise the variance of the prediction error). When the generating models are nonlinear then stepwise linearizations may be applied within Extended Kalman Filter and smoother recursions. However, in nonlinear cases, optimum minimum-variance performance guarantees no longer apply. That is the estimation step. The scientific method is built on testing statements that are logical consequences of scientific theories.

This is done through repeatable experiments or observational studies. A scientific theory which is contradicted by observations and evidence will be rejected. New theories that generate many new predictions can more easily be supported or falsified (see predictive power). Notions that make no testable predictions are usually considered not to be part of science (protoscience or nescience) until testable predictions can be made.

Mathematical equations and models, and computer models, are frequently used to describe the past and future behaviour of a process within the boundaries of that model.

In some cases the probability of an outcome, rather than a specific outcome, can be predicted, for example in much of quantum physics. In microprocessors, branch prediction permits avoidance of pipeline emptying at branch instructions. In engineering, possible failure modes are predicted and avoided by correcting the mechanism causing the failure. Accurate prediction and forecasting are very difficult in some areas, such as natural disasters, pandemics, demography, population dynamics and meteorology.

For example, it is possible to predict the occurrence of solar cycles, but their exact timing and magnitude is much more difficult (see picture to right).

New theories make predictions which allow them to be disproved by reality. For example, predicting the structure of crystals at the atomic level is a current research challenge.

The existence of this absolute frame was deemed necessary for consistency with the established idea that the speed of light is constant. The famous Michelson-Morley experiment demonstrated that predictions deduced from this concept were not borne out in reality, thus disproving the theory of an absolute frame of reference.

The special theory of relativity was proposed by Einstein as an explanation for the seeming inconsistency between the constancy of the speed of light and the non-existence of a special, preferred or absolute frame of reference. Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity could not easily be tested as it did not produce any effects observable on a terrestrial scale.

Mathematical models of stock market behaviour (and economic behaviour in general) are also unreliable in predicting future behaviour. Among other reasons, this is because economic events may span several years, and the world is changing over a similar time frame, thus invalidating the relevance of past observations to the present. Thus there are an extremely small number (of the order of 1) of relevant past data points from which to project the future.

In addition, it is generally believed that stock market prices already take into account all the information available to predict the future, and subsequent movements must therefore be the result of unforeseen events.